Sources of Information

    The Website Editor gratefully acknowledges the following sources of information and material contributions used in the development of the Site. Contributors vary widely in their roles, entered here once input provided has been used. The input used on this Site is grouped in the following categories: Advisors, Bibliography, Botanical Artists, Plant Photographers, Websites




    Eric Aspeling, Amateur Botanist, Potchefstroom

    Louis Jordaan, Amateur Naturalist, Oudtshoorn

    Duncan Heath, IT Specialist and Webmaster, Hermanus

    Judd Kirkel, Horticulturist, Johannesburg

    Jack Lätti, Horticulturist, Melbourne, Australia





    Andrew, G. (2017): Geoffrey's Anthology of the etymology of the botanical names of plants in Fernkloof Nature Reserve, Kogelberg Nature Reserve and Vogelgat Private Nature Reserve. Plant Names Explained. Printed by Whale Printing, Hermanus

    Baker, H. A. and Oliver, E. G. H. (1967): Ericas in Southern Africa. Purnell, Cape Town

    Batten, A. (1986): Blomme van Suider-Afrika. Frandsen Uitgewers, Sandton

    Bean, A. and Johns, A. (2005): South African Wild Flower Guide 5: Stellenbosch to Hermanus. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Blundell, M. (1987): Wildflowers of East Africa. Collins Photo Guide

    Bond, P. and Goldblatt, P. (1984): Plants of the Cape Flora. Journal of SA Botany, Supplementary Volume No. 13

    Botha, K (1981): The Bilingual Encyclopedia of Indoor Plants. Perskor, Johannesburg

    Bromilow, C. (1995): Problem Plants of South Africa. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

    Bryson, B. (2005): A Short History of Nearly Everything. Random House, Houghton

    Burman, J. and Bean, A. (1985): Hottentots-Holland tot Hermanus Gids 5. Botaniese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika, Kaapstad

    Capon, B. (2005): Botany for Gardeners. (Revised Edition) Timber Press, Portland

    Carr, J.D. (1976): The South African Acacias. Conservation Press, Johannesburg

    Carr, J.D. (1988): Combretaceae in Southern Africa. Tree Society of Southern Africa

    Carruthers, V. (1990): The Magaliesberg. Southern Book Publishers, Johannesburg

    Clarke, H., Mackenzie, B. (2007): Common Wild Flowers of Table Mountain. Struik Publishers, Cape Town

    Coates Palgrave, K.; Revised by M. Coates Palgrave (2002): Trees of Southern Africa. C. Struik Publishers Cape Town

    Codd, L.E.W. (1951): Bome en Struike van die Nasionale Kruger-Wildtuin. Die Staatsdrukker, Pretoria

    Cowling, R. and Pierce, S. (1999): Namaqualand, a Succulent Desert. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg

    Craib, C., Condy, G. and Ralfe, M. (2005): Grass Aloes in the South African veld. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

    Curtis-Scott, O., Golding, M., Helme, N., McMaster, R., Privett, S. and Stirton, C. (2020): Field Guide to the Renosterveld of the Overberg. Struik Nature

    Dean, C.M. (2005): Journey through The Living Deserts of South Africa. Dean & Associates, Coalville, England

    De Jager, S. (Undated): Veld Medicine from the Klein Karoo. Drukkor Printing, George

    Don, M. (1996): Around the World in 80 Gardens. Phoenix, London

    Dorrat-Haaksma, E. and Linder, H.P. (2012, Second Edition): Restios of the Fynbos. Struik, Cape Town

    Duncan, G. (2010): Grow Bulbs. Kirstenbosch Gardening Series

    Duncan, G., Jeppe, B. and Voigt, L. (2016): The Amaryllidaceae of Southern Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

    Dyer, C. and Esterhuyse, C.J. (1988): Tree of the Year, Olea Species. Department of Environmental Affairs

    Edwards, C.R. (1982): Roodepoort Trees. Wildlife Society of Southern Africa

    Eliovson, S. (1962): Discovering Wild Flowers in Southern Africa. Howard Timmins, Cape Town

    Eliovson, S. (1967): Proteas for Pleasure. Macmillan, Johannesburg

    Eliovson, S. (1984): Wild Flowers of Southern Africa. (7th Edition) M

    Eliovson, S. (1990): Namaqualand in flower. Media House Publications, Sandton

    Erasmus, G. (2016): Roots in African soil. Published by the author, George

    Esterhuyse, N., Von Breitenbach, J. and Söhnge, H. (2001): Remarkable Trees of South Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria

    Fabian, A. (paintings) and Germishuizen, G. (text) (1982): Transvaal Wild Flowers. Macmillan Johannesburg

    Fox, F.W. and Norwood Young, M.E. (1982): Food from the Veld, Edible Wild Plants of Southern Africa Botanically and Described. Delta Books, Craighall

    Frandsen, R. (2017): Succulents of Southern Africa. Honeyguide Publications, Somerset West

    Frankopan, P. (2023): The Earth Transformed. An Untold History. Bloomsbury, London

    Frost, A.J. (1999): After the Rain. Knowledge Resources, Randburg

    Funston, M. (1993): Bushveld Trees, Lifeblood of the Transvaal Lowveld. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg

    Gledhill, E. (1981): Eastern Cape Veld Flowers. Department of Nature Conservation of the Cape Provincial Administration

    Goldie, F. (1964): The Golden Bird. Garnet Publications, Durban

    Goldblatt, P., Manning, J., Anderson, F. and Batten, A. (1998): Gladiolus in Southern Africa. Fernwood Press

    Grant, R., Thomas, V. and Van Gogh, J. (2001): Sappi Tree Spotting (Lowveld). (2nd Edition) Jacana

    Grenier, F. (2019): Secrets of Namaqualand Succulents. Self-published

    Hankey, A. (Undated): Introduction to Aloe Identification. Unpublished

    Hardy, D. and Fabian, A. (1992): Succulents of the Transvaal. Southern Book Publishers

    Herre, H. (1971): The Genera of Mesembryanthemaceae. Tafelberg-uitgewers Bpk, Cape Town

    Hessayon, D.G. (1983): The Tree & Shrub Expert. PBI Publications, Herts

    Hey, B. (1992): A Celebration of Herbs for the South African Garden & Home. Struik, Cape Town

    Hilton-Barber, D. (2016): The Saint, the Surgeon and the unsung Botanist. Footprints Press, South Africa

    Holm, E. (2008): Inseklopedie van Suider-Afrika. LAPA, Pretoria

    Hugo, C. (2014): Identification of indigenous cycads of South Africa. Distributed by the Author

    Jeppe, B. (1969): South African Aloes. Purnell, Cape Town

    Joffe, P. (2001): Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants, a South African Guide. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

    Kidd, M.M. (1983): Kaapse Skiereiland. Veldblomgids van Suid-Afrika 3. Botaniese Vereniging van Suid Afrika, Kirstenbosch

    Labarre, E.J. (Ed.) (1931): Mesembryanthema. L. Reeve, Ashford, England

    Leistner, O.A. (Ed.) (2000): Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria

    Le Roux, A. and Wahl, Z. (2005): Namaqualand - South African Wild Flower Guide 1. (Third Edition) Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Letty, C. (1962): Wild Flowers of the Transvaal. Wild Flowers of the Transvaal Book Fund

    Lhote, H. (1959): De Rotstekeningen in de Sahara. Sijthoff's Uitgeversmaatschappij, Leiden

    Lowrey, T.K. and Wright, S. (Editors) (1987): The Flora of the Witwatersrand. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg

    Lucas, A. and Pike, B. (1971): Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand. Purnell, Cape Town

    Manning, J. (2007): Field Guide to Fynbos. Struik Nature, Cape Town

    Manning, J. (2009): Field Guide to Wild Flowers of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Struik Nature, Cape Town

    Manning, J. and Goldblatt, P. (1996): West Coast, South African Wild Flower Guide 7. Darling Wild Flower Society

    Manning, J. and Goldblatt, P. (1997): Nieuwoudtville Bokkeveld & Hantam Guide 9. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Marais, D. (Ed.) 2017: Fernkloof Nature Reserve. Hermanus Botanical Society

    Matthews, L. and Carter, Z. (1993): Proteas of the World. Bok Books International, Durban North

    McMahon, L. and Fraser, M. (1988): A Fynbos Year. David Philip, Cape Town

    Moriarty, A. (1982): South African Wild Flower Guide 2: Outeniqua, Tsitsikamma and Eastern Little Karoo. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Mostert, T.H.C. (2006): Vegetation ecology of the Soutpansberg and Blouberg Area in the Limpopo Province. PhD, Dept of Botany, Pretoria University

    Mustart, P., Cowling, R., Albertyn, J. and Paterson-Jones, C. (1997): South African Wild Flower Guide 8: Southern Overberg. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Niebuhr, A.D. (1970): Herbs of Greece. The New England Unit of the Herb Society of America

    Noad, T.C. and Birnie, A. (1994): Trees of Kenya. (4th Edition) TC Noad and A Birnie, Nairobi

    Norman, N. and Whitfield, G. (2006): A traveller's guide to South Africa's rocks and landforms, Geological Journeys. Struik, Cape Town

    Oettlé, N., Janssen, J., Schaminée, J., Helme, N., Myeza, S. and Kuhlmann, M. (2019): A Guide to Avontuur. Environmental Monitoring Group, Cape Town

    Onderstall, J. (1984): South African Wild Flower Guide 4: Transvaal Lowveld and Escarpment. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town

    Pakenham, T. (1996): Remarkable Trees of the World. Weidenfeld & Nicholson

    Pakenham, T. (1996): Meetings with Remarkable Trees. Weidenfeld & Nicholson

    Paterson-Jones, C. and Manning, J. (2007): EcoGuide Fynbos. BRIZA, Pretoria

    Pienaar, A. (2008): Kruidjie roer my nie: Die antieke helingskuns van die Karoo-veld. Umuzi, Roggebaai

    Pooley, E. (1993): The Complete Field Guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. Natal Flora Publications Trust

    Pooley, E. (1998): A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust

    Poynton, R.J. (1975): Suid-Afrikaanse Boomgids. Tafelberg, Kaapstad

    Privett, S. (2022): Grootbos Florilegium. Quivertree Publications, Rondebosch

    Privett, S. and Lutzeyer, H. (2010): Grootbos Nature Reserve and the Walker Bay region. The Grootbos Foundation

    Rice, E.G. and Compton, R.H. (1950): Wild Flowers of the Cape of Good Hope. The Botanical Society of South Africa, Kirstenbosch

    Riëtte (2016): Aardvark to Zebra, Questions and Answers. Published by Riëtte,

    Riley, H.P. (1963): Families of Flowering Plants of Southern Africa. University of Kentucky Press

    Robbertse, K., Stuart, A. and Jeffs, W.A. (1972): Tuingids vir die hele jaar. Muller & Retief, Pretoria

    Roberts, Margaret (1990): Indigenous Healing Plants. Southern Book Publishers

    Rourke, J.P. (1980): The Proteas of South Africa. Purnell, Cape Town

    Rycroft, B. (1975): Pride of South Africa, Kirstenbosch. Purnell, South Africa

    Rycroft, H.B. (1980): Tsitsikamma Trees. National Parks Board of Trustees of South Africa

    Scott, C.L. (1985): The Genus Haworthia, a Taxonomic Revision. Aloe Books, Johannesburg

    Seagrief, S.C. (1967): The Seaweeds of the Tsitsikama Coastal National Park. National Parks Board of the Republic of South Africa

    Shearing, D. (text) and Van Heerden, K. (1994): South African Wild Flower Guide 6: Karoo. Botanical Society of South Africa

    Smith, G.F., Chesselet, P., Van Jaarsveld, E.J., Hartmann, H., Hammer, S. Van Wyk, B.-E., Burgoyne, P., Klak, C. and Kurzwell, H. (1998): Mesembs of the World. Briza Publications, Arcadia

    Smith, G.F. and Crouch, N.R. (2009): Guide to Succulents of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town

    Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R. and Figueiredo, E. (2017): Field Guide to Succulents in Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town

    Smith, G.F., Van Jaarsveld, E.J., Arnold, T.H., Steffens, F.E., Dixon, R.D. and Retief, J.A. (Editors) (1997): List of Southern African Succulent Plants. Umdaus, Pretoria

    Steyn, M.H. (1994): S.A. Acacias, Identification Guide.

    Stoneman, B. (1928): Plants and their ways in South Africa. Longmans, Green and Co., London

    Trauseld, W.R. (1969): Wild Flowers of the Natal Drakensberg. Purnell, Cape Town

    Tredgold, M.H. (illustrations), Biegel, M. (text) and Childes, S.L. (revision) (1996): Zimbabwe’s Wild Flowers. National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe

    Tree Society of South Africa (1974): Trees and Shrubs of the Witwatersrand. (Third Edition) Witwatersrand University Press

    Vahrmeijer, J. (1981): Poisonous Plants of Southern Africa that cause Stock Losses. Tafelberg, Cape Town

    Van der Spuy, U. (1976): Southern African Shrubs and Trees for the Garden. Hugh Keartland Publishers, Johannesburg

    Van Gogh, J. and Jacana Education (1997): Sappi Tree Spotting: Lowveld. Jacana, Johannesburg

    Van Gogh, J. and Anderson, J. (1988): Trees and Shrubs of the Witwatersrand. Struik, Cape Town

    Van Jaarsveld, E., Van Wyk, B-E. and Smith G. (2006): Vetplante van Suid-Afrika. Sunbird Publishers, Cape Town

    Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. and van Wyk, E. (1991): Gids tot Grasse van Suid-Afrika. Briza Publications, Pretoria

    Van Rooyen, N. and Van Rooyen, G. (2019): Flowering plants of the Southern Kalahari. Self-published

    Van Wyk, A.E. and Malan, S.J. (1998): Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Highveld. Struik, Cape Town

    Van Wyk, B-E. and Gericke, N. (2007): People’s Plants, A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria

    Van Wyk, B-E. and Smith, G. (2003): Guide to the Aloes of South Africa. (Second Edition) BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

    Van Wyk, B-E., Van Oudtshoorn, B. and Gericke, N. (1997): Medicinal Plants of South Africa. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

    Van Wyk, P. (1986): Veldgids tot die Bome van die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin. Struik, Cape Town

    Van Wyk, P. (1993): Southern African Trees, A Photographic Guide. Struik, Cape Town

    Venter, F. and Venter, J-A. (1996) Making the most of Indigenous Trees. BRIZA Publications, Pretoria

    Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. (2010): Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield

    Von Breitenbach, F. and Von Breitenbach, J. (1995): National List of Indigenous Trees. Third, revised edition, Dendrological Foundation

    Williamson, G. (2010): Richtersveld, The Enchanted Wilderness. Umdaus Press

    Wilsenach, R. (1995): Trees of the Bushveld. Benedic Books, Pretoria


    Botanical Artists


    Barbara Pretorius, Artist (specialising in plant drawing), Hermanus, Western Cape, who must be contacted for permission prior to downloading any of her work

    Daleen Roodt, Botanical Artist

    Plant Photographers


    Most contributors of photos used as listed here are amateur photographers with an interest in plants unless indicated otherwise.  In the Album section, main body of this Site, their names are given. 

    The text added there is so far all written by the Site Editor who takes responsibility for the content.


    Alet Steyn, Potchefstroom

    Alexis Laurence, Bill Harrop Balloon Safaris, Hekpoort

    Andy de Wet, Aloe Grower, Hartebeespoortdam

    Ann Lamprecht, Hoekwil

    Annette Raaff, Hartebeestfontein Conservancy, Hekpoort, Gauteng

    Anton Potgieter, Horticulturist, Langkloof

    Boet Venter, Hermanus

    Braam van Wyk, Botanist, Pretoria

    Charl Theron, Lawyer, Cape Town

    Coreen Krige, Stellenbosch

    Dorette Potgieter, Actress, Cape Town

    Emari Linde, Physicist, United Kingdom

    Elsa du Plessis, Pretoria

    Elsa Gouws, Artist, Cape Town

    Erhan Uludag, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

    Eric Aspeling, Naturalist, Limpopo

    Francois Krige, Botanist, Gauteng

    Fransa Cole, Rhenosterspruit Nature Conservancy, Gauteng

    Gary Taylor, Australia

    Grant Wareham, Business Executive, Tokai, Cape Town

    Hendrik van Zijl, Nieuwoudtville

    Hildegard Crous, Botanist, Barrydale, Western Cape

    Ivan Lätti, Operation Wildflower, Onrus, Website Editor

    Jack Lätti, Horticulturist, Melbourne, Australia

    Jans van Wyk

    Jean Vermeiren, Chef, Gordons Bay

    Johan Kruger, Johannesburg

    Johan Wentzel, Geologist and Nurseryman, Ifafi, North West Province

    Johannes Vogel, Professional Photographer, Johannesburg

    Jonathan Honeyborne, Wildlife Tour Guide, Cape

    Judd Kirkel, Garden Designer, Horticulturist, Succulent Society, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

    Jurgens Willson, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

    Leila Mitrani, Cape Town

    Leo Thamm, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

    Lorraine Vermeulen, Johannesburg 

    Louis Jordaan, Naturalist and Ecologist, Oudtshoorn

    Louise King, Naturalist, Cape

    Mariska Victor, Hospitality Industry, Western Cape

    Martin Etsebeth, Photographer, Sandbaai

    MC Botha, Author, Onrusrivier

    Mercia Komen, Website Designer, Naturalist, Gauteng

    Neville Attridge, Cape Town

    Nigel Cottle, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg 

    Piet Grobler, Conservationist, Phalaborwa

    Philip van Heerden, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg

    Ras Oosthuizen, Film Producer, Kammanassie

    Retha Wareham, Cape Town

    Ricky Mauer, Psychologist, Pretoria

    Riku Lätti, Musician, Strand

    Sam van der Merwe, Joubertina

    Suzet Burger Meyer, Johannesburg

    Thabo Maphisa, Zwelihle

    Thijs Nel, Artist, Oudtshoorn 

    Uri Mitrani, Cape Town

    West van der Vyver, Operation Wildflower, Johannesburg